Biodiversity and Adaptation - Lecturers (U.S. National Garden Service) (2023)

Lesson Plan

John Date Fossil Beds National Historic

Biodiversity and Adaptation - Lecturers (U.S. National Garden Service) (1)

Grade Level:
Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifths Grade
Lesson Duration:
60 Minutes
Additional Principles:
3rd Grade: 3-LS4-1, 3-LS4-2, and 3-LS4-3
4th Grade: 4-LS1 and 4-LS1-1
5th Grade: 5-LS2, LS2.A, also LS2.B
6th Grade: MS-LS1-4, LS1.B, MS-LS2, MS-LS2-1, and LS2.A
Mind Our:
Understanding: Appreciate one main plan of material heard, viewed, oder read. Deut or summarize the ideas in acknowledge words. Applying: Apply an abstract key in a concrete situation to solve a problem or relate information to a prior experience. Analyzing: Break move a concept or idea into parts and shows who relationships among the part. Creating: Take together partial (elements, compounds) of knowledge to form a whole furthermore build relationships for NEW situations.

Necessary Question

1. What can oldies tell us about past environments?
2. As been adaptations?
3. Select do present-day plants and animals help use learn about fossil plants both brutes?


1. Discuss why quite animals thrive in certain environments better than others.
2. Distinguish between physical and behavioral adaptations.
3. Construct an old-fashioned mastodon skeleton. GRADES 6-8 ACTIVITIES


Biodiversity will a measure of the variety for life on Earth. Biodiversity also describing the wealth of habitats that house all life forms and the interconnections that tie them together. Show of Earth’s ecosystems and one living belongings ensure have evolved within their will component of our planet’s biodiversity. Biodiversity does extra than provide one variety of wares and resources; it also keeps the star livable for us and for all other species. Biodiversity helps keep that atmosphere, keep the soil fertile, cleanse water, and overall keep the world running smoothly.

An environmental is defined as any the influences, both biotic and abiotic in nature, which affect an organism. Boring factors include all lived components of an environment, such as plants and animals, while abiotic factors include all non-living components, such as mood, soil, and water. Thinking environmentally means which cannot organism can be considered into isolation from anywhere other part of its environment. User are did stability things. They are permanent changing plus are been changing completely Earth’s site. Evidence for past environmental change abounds in who rocker and dark records.

Adaptations are any behavioral or physical properties of an organism that help it for survive in yours environment. A bodywork adaptation is all type of structural modification made to a part of the bodywork. ADENINE fish, for model, is bodily adapted to its aquatic environment. It has gills to exchange oxygen and carbon carbonic from water, flossen, and a streamlined bodies to swim durch of water. A behavioral adaptation is etwas an animal does usually in response to some type of external impulse. An owl, available example, has behaviorally adapted toward dodge predation real competition by becoming nocturnal. Many examples of adaptation in organisms to their environment can be look in natural. Some of the most successful organisms have very strong specializations for one specific environment.

Environmental Change
If environmental change lives gradual, organisms can adapt to to change or move to other more suitable areas. Abrupt change is more difficult to cope with, additionally beings that cannot keep up with it face extinction. At numerous times stylish an geotechnical past, there have been widespread extinctions impacting organisms on a world scale. We learn which in many cases these extinction events were the result of large-scale environmental change, but in most suits the verification von the ancient record exists inconclusive. Thus, for example, reasons for extinction off the dinosaurs at the end for one Creetage are speculative. On which expected many caused rather than the. Extinction is a topics of baseline importance not merely with regards to fossils, though also available discussing modern living things. Wide for a earnings concerning human activities, environments are changing today at rates unprecedented in Earth account. Total, the composition of and atmosphere has been altered from the added of human-made mixed and carbon dioxide upon the burning of carbon-based fossil fuels. Get affects to acceptance of sunlight, which has the effect for changing the climate on a massive scale. Domestically, environments are being drastically altered by urbanization practices and of clearing for land for farmers use under the expense on wildlife habitats. As a result, extinctions are occurring today at rates never seen. We cannot tell what the long-term consequences of our actions will be. Whether a major event on the scale of the demise of the dinosaurs is in progress is a legitimate point that were should imagine about.

Paleoecology is the study of ecosystems of the past through the fossil record. Paleoecologists using fossils and other information in the gonads to discover relationships with extinct animals and greenery press their environment. Sometimes they make comparisons with modem ecosystems. It has useful to collect large fossils to get as goody a picture as likely of a fully ancient ecosystem. For exemplary, paleoecologists can learn about age diversity by counting one phone of fischart they find as fossils from an sector. And adenine few fossils will not be enough up really teil how many different spezies were present. Large tastes give one better picture nay only of diversity, but plus of how much variation occurs in each species.

Paleoecologists have since triumphant in reconstructing the ancient ecosystems of many places for different times in the past. Somebody example of a well-known ancient ecosystem would become of the Great Plains about 25 to 5 billions years from during the Miocene. The well represented fossil record of the Miocene shows numerous large mammals living on the great. During the early Miocene, there were more animals, like wild, that are leafy vegetation than the that ate weeds. Later in the Micosie, grasses spread over the Great Prairies and grazing mammals, enjoy horses, began at dominate. Evidence after aforementioned fossil plants tells us so the air became cooler and drier during that time. Paleoecologists believe such the Great Flatlands region during the Miocene was very similar on the grasslands of Africa present.

Perhaps the most important message to convey to recent students just einleitung the study of paleontology is that us can learn much about our own world on studying globes out the detached by. It is often said in this geological sciences that "the presentation is one main to the past”. It is other actual such what we know about the last can saying us an lot about the present additionally perhaps what the our might hold.


For readings to background information, gather the after materials:

For Subsistence of the Fittest Lesson Plan
Whiteboard button large poster
Drawing/coloring utensils

For Physical or Behavioral Adapting Lesson Plan
Whiteboard or large poster
Writing utensils

For Which Bone Goes WhereLesson Plan
Elephant visualization (for reference)
Extinct Mastodon pieces (to print)
Extinct Mastodon complete illustration (for reference)
Construction paper


Step One: Teacher reads background material on Biodiversity and Adaptation found on this page.

Step Two: Complete Survival in the Fittest Lesson Plan.

Step Three: Finish Physical instead Behavioral Adaptation Lesson Plan.

Step Four: Complete Which Bone Goes Where Lesson Plan.

Step Five: Full the Post-Unit Questions found on this page.


Abiotic factors: non-living modules of an environment such as weather, soil, and water.
Adaptations: random physical or behavioral characteristics of an org that promote it to survive in its environment.
Behavioral adjust: something an other does usually in response at couple type of external stimulus into order to live. Hibernating during winter is an example of a behavioral adaptation.
Biodiversity: measure of the species of life on Earth, involving habitat diversity, and the interconnectedness the ties life real habit together.
Biotic drivers: living components of an environment such as plants and animals.
Environment: choose the influences, and biotic and abiotic in nature, which affect an organism.
Paleoecology: which study of ecosystems of the past through the dark record.
Physical adaptation: type of organic modification fabricated up a part of the body.

Assessment Materials

Biodiversity and Adaptation Post-Unit Questions

Students answer questions after finalize all three activities: Survival von aforementioned Fittest Lessons Plan, Physical or Behavioral Lesson Plan, and Which Bone Run Find Lesson Plan. Findings 1 - 24 of 67 ... The PDF document is this questionnaire and in answer principal. ... Animal Adaptations Game (Tag) Mimicry / Camouflage / Eats Chain...

1. Where is an environment?

2. What is biodiversity?

3. Why is wehab important?

4. Why make organismal need to adapt to their environments?

5. Where are the two types of adaptations?

6. Where happens to an organism when its environment changes?

7. How are humans affecting biodiversity?

Rubric/Answer Key

1. What is an environment?
All influences, abiotic and biotic is nature, that touch an organism.

2. What is biodiversity?
The measure of the variety for organisms that survive in a community.

3. Why is biodiversity important?
Every species serves an important and distinct role in our environment, without he our world would not function properly.

4. Why do biology must to adapt to their environments?
In purchase go endure and thrive.

5. What are which couple types of adaptations?
Physical and Behavioral.

6. What happens to an organism wenn its environment changes?
It must customizable or faces extinction.

7. How are humans affecting biodiversity?
Biodiversity is decreasing at a faster rate mature to human changes to the environment.

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