7 Best Open Source Cloud Platforms for the Enterprise (2024)

Build your own cloud and save millions!

There are so many things to take care of, such as server space, development environments, security, software stacks, software updates, and hardware maintenance, that the whole platform maintenance costs tend to be overwhelming.

Companies that develop and deploy applications need to allocate lots of their resources to keep the platform running –resources that could otherwise be leveraged for software development purposes.

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That’s why the need for cloud platform solutions arose. These solutions employ a cloud computing model to provide everything the developers need to do their work, from hosted development environments and database tools, to complete application management capabilities.

Developers working within a cloud platform have access to all the resources they need to build, deploy, and launch software applications. For companies, the cloud platform could provide a scalable base for new applications that need to be delivered in the short term. With a pay-as-you-grow model, there’s no need for long-term investments in on-premises platforms.

Why Open Source?

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Now that we stated the benefits of cloud versus traditional, on-premises platforms, the next question to ask is why an open-source cloud platform is a better option than a proprietary cloud platform.

The most obvious answer is the cost: the licenses of proprietary solutions always involve higher price tags. Another important advantage is the flexibility and freedom to choose from a wide variety of frameworks, clouds, and services.

Proprietary platforms, on the other side, may tie you to the tools and services they own. In exchange, they offer certain advantages, such as commitment to SLAs (service-level agreements) and relieving you from hurdles such as testing and integration, but those advantages hardly overweight the benefits of openness.

Below you will find a selection of the open-source cloud platforms for the enterprise that rule today’s market.

Cloud Foundry

Originally developed by VMware (now owned by Pivotal Software), Cloud Foundry outstands for being available as an open-source, stand-alone software application, which makes it independent of cloud providers. It can be deployed on VMware vSphere or other cloud infrastructures, such as HP Helion, Azure or AWS. Or you could even choose to host it yourself on your OpenStack server.

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Through the use of buildpacks, Cloud Foundry facilitates runtime and framework support. Whenever you push an app, the Cloud Foundry Application Runtime chooses the most convenient buildpack for it. Then, the buildpack takes care of compiling the app and preparing it for launch.

Cloud Foundry is designed to offer fast application development and deployment through a highly scalable architecture and DevOps-friendly workflows. Its language support includes Python, Ruby, PHP, Java, and Go, among many others.

However, to fit adequately in Cloud Foundry is recommended that your project follows the Twelve-Factor application standard: a methodology specially designed for developing optimal software-as-a-service (SaaS) apps.

Udemy got a nice course on developing for the cloud with Cloud Foundry.

WSO2

If you work intensely on SOA, you must surely deal with a lot of internal and external APIs. That is the scenario where WSO2 shines, thanks to its API Manager, which is capable of handling the full API lifecycle. WSO2 provides compliance with most of the requirements your clients could put forward, including versioning, API documentation, and SSL offloading.

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WSO2 uses a store concept in which developers can find, try, and rate APIs. The deployment is simple and straightforward, providing many options to control the flow of the API. It also offers an auto-recovery feature, in case an endpoint suspension occurs.

All these qualities aim to reduce time-to-market, simplify cost management and, overall, improve business process agility.

A big plus of WSO2 API Manager is its easy integration with WSO2 Identity Server, an API-driven IAM (Identity and access manager) solution. This integration offers a friendly platform for authentication across cloud environments.

Cloudify

Cloudify is an orchestration framework designed to model applications and services while automating their lifecycles.

This includes the ability to deploy on any cloud environment or data center and perform continuous maintenance. It also offers tools to monitor all aspects of the deployed applications, detecting failure conditions, and solving them, either manually or automatically.

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One of Cloudify’s most notable features is TOSCA-based blueprint modeling. This innovation lets developers use YAML to create blueprints of the application’s topologies.

YAML is a human-readable data serialization language, used for writing definitions based on the TOSCA specification, which gives developers a standardized way to describe interconnections between applications, systems, and cloud infrastructure components.

Cloudify cloud orchestration provides a solid base for IT governance and security, letting users apply access restrictions with different roles and permission levels.

To communicate with external services, like Kubernetes containers, cloud services (AWS, Azure, vSphere, OpenStack), and configuration management tools (Puppet, Ansible, Chef), Cloudify uses its set of official plugins, while many other services are supported by generic existing plugins.

OpenShift

OpenShift is a Kubernetes-based platform, with a flexible and very fast installer and extensive API support, which allows developers to expand the platform according to their needs.

It is built with security in mind, which is illustrated by an example: containers are expected to run as non-root users, and when that’s not the case, OpenShift requires an explicit override to run the container.

Its use of Kubernetes requires a considerable server count, and it takes a certain learning curve to master it. That is why this platform is not well-suited for small deployments unless they could turn into a larger deployments in the near future.

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OpenShift users highlight its fast installation and configuration procedures, as well as it is easy to maintain modules and gears. Another plus is the fact of having its own Git repo. What they don’t like too much is the difficulty of reading and interpreting logs. In particular, when there is a failure while uploading a project, it is hard to understand where the problem is.

Tsuru

Rede Globo, the second-largest commercial TV network worldwide, launched Tsuru as a Docker-based PaaS (platform as a service) product capable of orchestrating and running applications in a production environment. It is an open-source multi-provisioner platform that supports sites with millions of users, developed by Globo.com.

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Tsuru users affirm that it improves substantially the time to market without giving up simplicity, high availability, security, or stability. It can be run in a variety of cloud infrastructures, whether they are public or private, as long as they are supported by a Docker machine.

It also supports almost every programming language available, which gives developers the freedom to choose according to their preferences.

With Tsuru, you can use diverse data stores, including SQL or NoSQL databases, or in-memory alternatives, such as Memcached or Redis.

You just select the one of your preference and plug it into your app. To manage the app, you can choose between using the command line or a web interface and later deploying via Git. The Tsuru infrastructure will take care of all the nitty-gritty details.

Stackato

Stackato is a polyglot PaaS product based on Cloud Foundry and Docker that runs on top of your cloud infrastructure and serves as a launching platform for your applications.

Stackato users say that it provides an agile and robust application platform that helps to improve the productivity of both cloud administrators and developers.

It is well-suited for enterprise cloud deployments, combining the flexibility of accessing directly to the VM in the cloud infrastructure with the automated configuration provided by a full-featured PaaS.

The supported cloud infrastructures include HP Cloud Services, Citrix XenServer, AWS, OpenStack, VMware, among others.

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In Stackato, each application has its own Linux container (LXC), which guarantees an efficient and secure sharing of resources. Its range of services is composed of: Helion Control Plane, which Stackato uses to communicate with the underlying cloud and to manage service lifecycles.

Helion Service Manager, a repository of add-in services available to applications; Helion Cloud Foundry, an elastic runtime designed to simplify app hosting and development.

Helion Code Engine, a continuous delivery service integrated with Git repositories, either private or public, and Helion Stackato Console, a web interface to manage all of the Helion Cloud features.

Alibaba

Although it is hardly mentioned when talking about open-source cloud platforms and PaaS, the Alibaba Cloud computing business has been growing at a meteoric rate, having already conquered 50% of the Chinese public cloud market and conscientiously learning how to serve markets outside of China.

For example, they are beginning to provide billing support in US dollars across 168 countries and designing services specially tailored for overseas markets.

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The cloud platform services included in Alibaba’s offering encompass many free features, including container services for Docker and Kubernetes, Container Registry, Auto Scaling, and DataWorks, a secure environment for offline data development.

Its services are well documented and accompanied with everything you may need to start migrating your apps to the cloud right away, such as many tutorial videos. Following a few simple steps and without investing a dollar, Alibaba invites you to start building in no time.

Finally…

Luckily enough for all developers, openness rules the cloud world. A couple of years ago, competing for container technologies (Docker, Kubernetes, Mesos, Nomad, ECS, to name a few) threatened to divide the market into watertight compartments, generating considerable risks whenever you needed to pick a platform.

But, although nowadays there are more platforms to choose from, the differences between today’s open-source choices are only in the details: different cost schemes, different management tools, and different approaches to security.

In other words, if you pick an open-source cloud platform today and you’re not satisfied, you can go to another one tomorrow, and the costs will not kill you.

With the information we gave you here, you will hopefully be able to choose the platform that better suits your needs and lets you forget about headaches such as server capacity, middleware, frameworks, virtual machines, data stores, and so on.

Once you have freed yourself of all that, you will be able to put all your resources and all your attention on the one thing that really matters to you: deliver your kick-ass application to your users as fast as possible, and keep them happy while using it.

Here you also explore some free tier or credits on Cloud platforms.

7 Best Open Source Cloud Platforms for the Enterprise (2024)

FAQs

What are the most popular open source cloud computing platforms? ›

  • Open Stack. Open stack is a lot of open source cloud software programming contraptions for regulating distributed computing stages for public and private clouds. ...
  • Cloud Stack. ...
  • Apache Mesos. ...
  • Eucalyptus. ...
  • Open Nebula. ...
  • AppScale.
Mar 3, 2021

Which of the following is an open source cloud platform? ›

Notes: OpenStack is an open source platform for creating and maintaining a cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

Is there any open source cloud platform? ›

OpenStack is the world's leading open-source cloud platform. It is used by hundreds of local public cloud providers, telcos and thousands of enterprises, with over 25 million cores running in production, according to the OpenStack User Survey 2021.

What is the best cloud platform? ›

Top 9 Cloud Computing Platforms
  • Google Cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure.
  • SAP Business Technology Platform.
  • Red Hat Cloud.
  • Oracle Cloud.
  • IBM Cloud.
  • NetApp Cloud Services.
  • Alibaba Cloud.

Is AWS open source? ›

Since its inception, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has been the best place for customers to build and run open source software in the cloud. AWS is proud to support open source projects, foundations, and partners.

What is an example of an open source cloud computing platform database? ›

Open source databases in the cloud

Amazon relational database. Microsoft Azure SQL database. Oracle database. IBM Db2 on cloud.

What are the three types of cloud platform? ›

Types of Cloud Computing
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) ...
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) ...
  • Software as a Service (SaaS)

What are two most important open source cloud architectures? ›

PostGreSQL, MySQL, MongoDB and CouchBase are the widely used open source databases. Microservices: The design of the business and information services layer of the enterprise application is developed using microservices architecture principles and cross-channel capabilities.

What are the three major cloud platforms explain? ›

There are also three main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS).

What are the examples of open cloud? ›

A lot of public cloud computing companies — AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform — are powered by some open-source components such as Linux OS or Java frameworks, plus integrate with other open-source cloud services such as Kubernetes, Apache, and others.

Is Google Cloud Platform open source? ›

Our open cloud approach enables you to develop software faster, innovate more easily, and scale more efficiently—while also reducing technology risk. Google Cloud embraces open source.

Is Google Cloud Functions open source? ›

Your code executes in a fully managed environment. There is no need to provision any infrastructure or worry about managing any servers. Go is an open source programming language that makes it easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software. Cloud Functions is an event-driven serverless compute platform.

What are the 4 basic platforms of computing? ›

The following are a common types of computing platform.
  • Hardware Platform. A line of hardware that are compatible with each other. ...
  • Operating Systems. ...
  • Client/Server. ...
  • Mobile Platform. ...
  • Cloud Platform. ...
  • Platform as a Service. ...
  • Third Platform.
Dec 17, 2016

Which cloud platform is best and free? ›

Best Free Cloud Storages
  • Microsoft OneDrive. Microsoft One Drive provides a cloud storage service and offers users 5 GB of free storage. ...
  • Dropbox. Dropbox is operated by the American company Dropbox, Inc., and provides cloud storage and is used for file sharing and collaboration. ...
  • Google Drive. ...
  • pCloud. ...
  • Mega.
Jun 15, 2023

What is the 2nd largest cloud platform? ›

Which Cloud Service Provider Has the Largest Market Share?
#Cloud Service ProviderMarket Share
1Amazon Web Services (AWS)34%
2Microsoft Azure22%
3Google Cloud Platform (GCP)9.5%
4Alibaba Cloud6%
6 more rows

What is open source examples? ›

  • GNU/Linux.
  • Mozilla Firefox.
  • VLC media player.
  • SugarCRM.
  • GIMP.
  • VNC.
  • Apache web server.
  • LibreOffice.

Is Azure open source or not? ›

Azure—the cloud powering the space race

"Thanks to the power of open source, the compute capability provided by the HPE Spaceborne Computer-2, and the scalability of Azure, we are empowering developers to build for space at a speed that's out of this world."

Is Azure open source? ›

Open Source on Azure gives developers the freedom to build next-generation intelligent applications where they want, and when they want. Thanks to the power of open source, developers can now innovate faster and more securely on Azure.

Is Oracle cloud open-source? ›

Oracle invests significant resources to develop, test, optimize, and support Open-Source technologies, so developers have more choice and flexibility as they build and deploy cloud-based applications and services.

What are the two types of cloud database? ›

Cloud databases follow two deployment models: traditional self-managed and managed database as a service (DBaaS). Traditional self-managed cloud databases: The cloud database is installed and hosted on a virtual machine in a traditional deployment model.

What is an example of open-source cloud architecture? ›

Open Nebula, Open Stack and Virtual Box are common examples of open-source cloud.

What is the best example of private cloud? ›

Some vendors sell private clouds as an all-in-one bundle of hardware and software. It's generally a simple platform that exists on the user's premises and may or may not be provider-managed environments. Examples include HPE GreenLake and Azure Stack.

What type of cloud is AWS? ›

The AWS public cloud

In the public cloud space, AWS provides services such as the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), which provides infrastructure and services over the public internet and are hosted at an identified AWS Region (for example, Canada Central ).

What are the three basic components of cloud computing? ›

These services are divided into three main categories or types of cloud computing: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS).

What are the two types of open source software? ›

Types of software license: copyleft and permissive

There are two main categories of open source licenses: copyleft and permissive.

What are the two open source operating system? ›

Some basic examples of the open-source operating systems are Linux, Open Solaris, Free RTOS, Open BDS, Free BSD, Minix, etc. In 1997, the first Open-Source software was released.

What are the 6 most essential things that must be followed before going for cloud computing platform? ›

Following are the essential things that must be followed before going for the cloud computing platform:
  • Uptime.
  • Loss of data.
  • Data storage.
  • Compliance.
  • Business continuity.
  • Data integrity in cloud computing.
Jun 7, 2023

What is an example of a cloud platform? ›

Typical examples of public cloud platforms include IBM Bluemix, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and AWS (Amazon Web Services).

Which platforms are used for cloud computing? ›

Popular cloud computing platforms include Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and more.

Which is the 3 the most essential concept related to cloud computing? ›

Cloud solutions come in three primary service models: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS).

What is the best example of public cloud? ›

Microsoft Azure is an example of a public cloud. In a public cloud, you share the same hardware, storage and network devices with other organisations or cloud “tenants,” and you access services and manage your account using a web browser.

What is the best example of multi cloud? ›

Multicloud example

A common example would be the use of public cloud services such as Google Drive and Dropbox to store and transfer documents. Such unauthorized usage of multiple clouds can create security risks.

What is open cloud standards? ›

Open Standards" are standards made available to the. general public and are developed and maintained via a. collaborative and mutually agreed process. It facilitate interoperability and data exchange among. different products or services and are intended for.

What are 3 examples of open source? ›

10.4 Examples of Open Source Software
  • Firefox—a Web browser that competes with Internet Explorer.
  • OpenOffice—a competitor to Microsoft Office.
  • Gimp—a graphic tool with features found in Photoshop.
  • Alfresco—collaboration software that competes with Microsoft Sharepoint and EMC's Documentum.

Does Microsoft use open-source software? ›

Microsoft is all in on open source. We believe that power of collaborative development through the open source process can accelerate innovation, and that open collaboration often allows communities to achieve more than their members can do alone.

How do I find open source projects for beginners? ›

  1. 10 Platforms to Find Open Source Projects for Beginners.
  2. Open Source Guides. Before starting open source, it's always good to know how to contribute to an open-source project. ...
  3. Up For Grabs. ...
  4. Ovio Projects. ...
  5. CodeTriage. ...
  6. First Contributions. ...
  7. Codetribute. ...
  8. Hacktoberfest Projects.
Jan 12, 2022

Which open source is developed by Google? ›

Google believes open source solves real-world problems for everyone. Google's Open Source Programs Office supports open source innovation, collaboration, and sustainability through our programs and services.

What operating system does Google Cloud use? ›

ChromeOS (Operating System) - Chrome Enterprise.

Which open source is developed by Google for free? ›

Android is an open source operating system for mobile devices and a corresponding open source project led by Google.

What are the 3 popular types of computing? ›

The three main types of computers that are differentiated based on their data handling capabilities are:
  • Analog computers.
  • Digital computers.
  • Hybrid computers.

What are the 3 types of computing? ›

On the basis of data handling capabilities, the computer is of three types:
  • Analogue Computer.
  • Digital Computer.
  • Hybrid Computer.

What are the 5 branches of computing? ›

Computer science is considered as part of a family of five separate yet interrelated disciplines: computer engineering, computer science, information systems, information technology, and software engineering. This family has come to be known collectively as the discipline of computing.

What is the biggest free cloud? ›

Which is the best free cloud storage service?
Cloud storage providerMaximum storageEncryption
Dropbox2GBIn-transit and at-rest
Microsoft OneDrive5GBEnd-to-end
MEGA20GBEnd-to-end
iCloud5GBIn-transit and at-rest
2 more rows
Apr 25, 2023

What is the easiest cloud platform to use? ›

Google Drive

The Google One app makes it easy to manage your account, swap between plans, free up account storage, and take advantage of special member benefits. If you visit Google's Workspace website, you'll see business plans between $6 and $18 per month per user. Every business plan comes with a 14-day free trial.

Which cloud is easiest to use? ›

Google Drive is slick and easy to use, with comprehensive search, version history, and several file-sharing options. You can use it via your web browser, and there are mobile and desktop apps. Data is encrypted when stored and in transit, and there is support for two-factor authentication (2FA).

Who is number 1 in cloud? ›

Amazon Web Services

Which cloud is most advanced? ›

With a market share of more than Microsoft Azure and GCP combined, Amazon Web Services has expanded to be the most comprehensive and widely-used cloud computing platform.

What is the most common open source operating system? ›

Ubuntu. It is a Linux-based open source operating system that is free to download, use, and share. It has many features, including an office suite, web browsers, instant messaging, media mapping, etc. One of the most popular open source operating systems and a fantastic alternative to Mac and Windows is Ubuntu.

What is the most popular open source operating system today? ›

10 Best Open Source Operating System
  • Ubuntu OS. ...
  • Chrome OS. ...
  • MS-Windows. ...
  • CentOS. ...
  • Debian. ...
  • Solaris. ...
  • Linux Mint. Linux Mint is a stunning Linux-based operating system that exudes modernity and power. ...
  • FreeDOS. FreeDOS is a free and open-source operating system.
Feb 14, 2023

Which are the three 3 most common forms of cloud computing? ›

There are also three main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Choosing a cloud type or cloud service is a unique decision.

What are the four 4 types of open source operating system? ›

Some basic examples of the open-source operating systems are Linux, Open Solaris, Free RTOS, Open BDS, Free BSD, Minix, etc. In 1997, the first Open-Source software was released. Despite the industry, there are now Open-Source alternatives for every Software program.

What are the top 3 most used operating systems? ›

The three most common operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. Modern operating systems use a graphical user interface, or GUI (pronounced gooey).

What are five examples of open source operating system? ›

Open source operating systems
  • GNU/Linux (various versions or distributions include Debian, Fedora, Gentoo, Ubuntu and Red Hat) - operating system.
  • FreeBSD - operating system.
  • Android - mobile phone platform.

What is the worlds leading open-source application platform? ›

Linux is a free, open source operating system (OS), released under the GNU General Public License (GPL). It's also become the largest open source software project in the world.

Is Linux the best known and most-used open source operating system? ›

Linux is the best-known and most-used open source operating system. As an operating system, Linux is software that sits underneath all of the other software on a computer, receiving requests from those programs and relaying these requests to the computer's hardware.

What are the 3 C's in cloud computing? ›

Organizations should look for partners who can deliver against the three C's of cloud transformation: convenience, cost transparency and control.

Which type of cloud is used most often? ›

Software as a Service (SaaS)

SaaS is the most utilized option for businesses in the cloud market, with common services including G Suite and Office 365.

What are two 2 advantages of open source software? ›

Open-source software (OSS) advantages include lower starting costs, faster project starts, faster iteration, more-flexible software development processes, robust community-driven support, and easier license management, without being contractually locked into work with a single vendor...to name just a few.

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